Mumbai: Economists at the country's largest lender SBI on Monday dismissed the K-shaped recovery critique, saying that the pandemic was a 'leveller' which helped in reducing inequalities. They said that government transfers to the poor alone are adding up to Rs 75,000 per household per annum. It can be noted that in the months following the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, concerns were being raised about deepening inequalities in India, with some calling it as a K-shaped recovery, where rich emerged richer while the poor slipped down further.
After analysing data and studies, the SBI economists said, "in hindsight, the pandemic may have been a leveller in terms of inequality with the poor getting protected through measures such as food transfers."
It said, "India has delivered a sharp recovery after the pandemic and acknowledged that critics are still quoting it as a K-shaped recovery for India."
"It is true that the strong rise in financial assets resulted in an increase in inequality in 2021. However, when correlated with short-run asset price movements, such fluctuations in inequality always prove transient," explained the report.
"In the Indian context, it is an incorrect conjecture to assume that inequality has worsened during the pandemic," it added, citing its study on how cereal procurement has helped reduce inequality.
The report said that a higher procurement is benefitting the poorest of the poor in terms of subsequent free distribution of foodgrains, and also helping put money in the hands of smaller and marginal farmers, with distributional impact.
"With a progressive growth in output across states as proxied by GSDP, it is clear that the fruits of such a growth have clearly reverberated and dovetailed into an inclusive growth. India has thus done quite well during pandemic in terms of navigating income shocks across deciles of population," said the study.
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