New Delhi/Bhubaneswar: Indian Railways has commissioned the country’s first government-run waste-to-energy plant, having a capacity of 500 Kg waste per day, in Mancheswar Carriage Repair Workshop at Bhubaneswar in East Coast Railway. Indian Railway’s Member (Rolling Stock) Rajesh Agarwal inaugurated this plant on January 22, along with East Coast Railway’s General Manager. This waste-to-energy plant has been constructed in three months.
The plant, which is based on a patented technology called ‘Polycrack,’ is the first of its kind in the Indian Railways and the fourth in India. It is the world’s first patented heterogeneous catalytic process which converts multiple feedstocks into hydrocarbon liquid fuels, gas, carbon and water. The polytrack plant can be fed with all types of plastic, petroleum sludge, un-segregated MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) with moisture up to 50 percent, e-waste, automobile fluff, organic waste, including bamboo, garden waste etc, and Jatropha fruit and palm bunch. The waste generated from Mancheswar Carriage Repair Workshop, Coaching Depot and Bhubaneswar Railway Station will be feeder material for this plant.
The process is a closed-loop system and does not emit any hazardous pollutants into the atmosphere.
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The combustible, non-condensed gases are re-used for providing energy to the entire system and thus, the only emission comes from the combustion of gaseous fuels. The emissions from combustion are found to be much less than the prescribed environmental norms. This process will produce energy in the form of Light Diesel Oil which is used to light furnaces.